AT-PBRN and CORE-AT Project
Publications and Grants

Funded Grants

Health-Related Quality of Life in Adolescent Athletes: A Study from the Athletic Training Practice-Based Research Network. Snyder Valier AR, Valovich McLeod TC, Sauers EL, Bay RC. NATA Foundation. Total Costs: $143,726.

The effect of sport-related concussion on cognition, balance, symptoms and health-related quality of life in adolescent athletes. Valovich McLeod TC, Snyder AR, Bay RC, Parsons JT. NOCSAE. February 2010. Direct Costs: $102,153

The Effects of Headache on Health-Related Quality of Life in Following Sport-Related Concussion. Valovich McLeod TC, Snyder AR, Bay RC, Parsons JT. National Headache Foundation. March 9. Direct Costs Requested: $23,404. Funded for: $10,000

The Clinical Outcomes Research Education for Athletic Trainers (CORE-AT) Program: Training Clinical Researchers for Evidenced-Based Practice. Snyder AR, Valovich McLeod TC, Parsons JT, Bay RC, Sauers EL. National Athletic Trainers' Association Research and Education Foundation. April 2008. Direct Costs: $107,013.

Health Related Quality of Life in Adolescents with Sport-Related Musculoskeletal Injury. Snyder, AR, Valovich McLeod TC, Bay RC, Parsons JT, Sauers EL. A.T. Still University Strategic Research Initiative, July 2006-June 2007, Direct costs: $24,214 + 2 year post-doctoral fellow @ $36,000 per year.

A Comparison of Self-Report and Proxy Assessment of General and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Adult Dental Patients with Special Needs. Snyder, AR, Maureen, R, Bay, RC, and Sauers, EL. Strategic Research Fund Grant, A.T. Still University, July 2007-July 2008,Direct costs: $7,265. + $40,000 funding support for a Research Coordinator position

Curriculum and Faculty Development in Evidence-Based Dentistry and Research Glick M (PI), Sauers EL, Steering Committee Member and Chair, Advanced Electives Team Response to PAR-06-506 Oral Health Research Education Grants (R25) from the NIH National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) Budget Requested: $600,00 (direct) + $48,000 (FandA) = $648,000 total, Status: In review


Evidence-Based Practice and Clinical Outcomes Related Published Manuscripts

Leach CA, Bay RC, Valovich McLeod TC. Baseline self-report symptoms and health-related quality of life in high school: influence of prior concussion history and sex. Athletic Training and Sports Health Care. 2013;5(3):115-122.

Lam KC, Snyder AR, Bay RC, Valovich McLeod TC.   Unique patient population? Adolescent athletes report better health-related quality of life than general, healthy adolescent individuals.  Journal of Athletic Training.  2013;48(2):233-241.

Sauers EL, Valovich McLeod TC, Bay, RC. Practice-Based Research Networks (PBRNs), Part I: Clinical Laboratories to Generate and Translate Research Findings into Effective Patient Care. Journal of Athletic Training. 2012;47(5): 549-556.
Winner of the 2013 Journal of Athletic Training’s Clint Thompson Award for Clinical Advancement.

Valovich McLeod TC, Lam KC, Bay RC, Sauers EL, Snyder AR. Practice-Based Research Networks (PBRNs) Part II: A Descriptive Analysis of the Athletic Training Practice-Based Research Network in the Secondary School Setting. Journal of Athletic Training. 2012;47(5): 557-566.
Winner of the 2013 Journal of Athletic Training’s Clint Thompson Award for Clinical Advancement.

Valovich McLeod TC, Register-Mihalik JK. Clinical assessment of health-related quality of life following sport concussion. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2011;20:46-60.

Tanabe T, Snyder AR, Bay RC, Valovich McLeod TC. Representative Values of Health-Related Quality of Life Among Female and Male Adolescent Athletes and the Impact of Gender. Athletic Training and Sports Health Care. 2010;2(3):106-112.

Valovich McLeod TC, Bay RC, Snyder AR. Self-reported concussion history affects health-related quality of life in adolescent athletes. Athletic Training and Sports Health Care. 2010;2(5):219-226.

Snyder AR, Martinez JC, Bay RC, Parsons JT, Sauers EL, Valovich McLeod TC. Health-related quality of life differs between adolescent athletes and non-athletes. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2010; 19(3): 237-248.

Sauers EL, Snyder AR. A team approach: demonstrating sport rehabilitation's effectiveness and enhancing patient care through clinical outcomes assessment. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2011;20(1):3-7.

Evans TA, Lam KC. Clinical outcomes assessment in sport rehabilitation. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2011;20(1):8-16.

Parsons JT, Snyder AR. Health-related quality of life as a primary clinical outcome in sport rehabilitation. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2011;20(1):17-36.

Valovich, Register-Mihalik JK. Clinical outcomes assessment for the management of sport-related concussion. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2011;20(1):46-60.

Sauers EL, Dykstra DL, Bay RC, Bliven KH, Snyder AR. Upper extremity injury history, current pain rating, and health-related quality of life in female softball pitchers. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2011;20(1):100-114.

Michener LA, Snyder AR, Leggin BG. Responsiveness of the numeric pain rating scale in patients with shoulder pain and the effect of surgical status. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2011;20(1):115-128.

Piebes SK, Snyder AR, Bay RC, Valovich McLeod TC. Psychometric Properties of the Headache Impact Test and Pediatric Migraine Disability Assessment for Measuring the Impact of Headache on Health-Related Quality of Life in Athletes. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2011;20(1):129-142.

Kuehl MD, Snyder AR, Erickson SE, Valovich McLeod TC. Impact of Prior Concussions on Health-Related Quality of Life in Collegiate Athletes. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2010;20(2):86-91.

Gaunt BW, Shaffer MA, Sauers EL, Michener L, McCluskey GM, Thigpen C. The American Society of Shoulder and Elbow Therapists’ Consensus Rehabilitation Guideline for Arthroscopic Anterior Capsulolabral Repair of the Shoulder. Journal of Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy. 2010;40(3):155-168.

Valovich McLeod TC, Bay RC, Parsons JT, Sauers EL, Snyder AR. Health-Related Quality of Life is Affected by Recent Injury in Adolescent Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training. 2009;44(6):603-610.

Register-Mihalik JK, Guskiewicz KM, Valovich McLeod TC, Mann JD. Headache-related Disability Reported by Collegiate Athletes. Athletic Training and Sports Health Care. 2009;1(5):227-233.

Snyder AR. Many popular shoulder pathology special tests have limited diagnostic ability. Athletic Training and Sports Health Care.2009; 1(6):256-258.

Sauers EL. Establishing an evidence-based practice: our patients deserve it. (Editorial). Athletic Training and Sports Health Care. 2009;1(6):1-5.

Sauers EL. Clinical questions in sport rehabilitation: integrating the best available evidence (Editorial). Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2008;17(3).

Young IA, Michener LA, Cleland JA, Aguilera A, Snyder AR.  Manual therapy, exercise and traction for patients with cervical radiculopathy: a randomized clinical trial.  Journal of Physical Therapy, 2009: 89(7): 632-42.

Michener, LA, Snyder, AR. Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Shoulder Pain: Are We Doing the Best We Can? Clinics in Sports Medicine, 2008: 27(3): 491-505.

Snyder AR, Valovich McLeod TC, Sauers EL. Defining, Valuing, and Teaching Clinical Outcomes Assessment in Professional and Post-Professional Athletic Training Education Programs. Athletic Training Education Journal. 2007;2(Apr-Jun):1-11.

Snyder AR, Parsons JT, Valovich McLeod TC, Bay RC, Michener LA, Sauers EL. Utilizing disablement models and clinical outcomes assessment to enable evidence-based athletic training practice: Part I - Disablement Models. Journal of Athletic Training. 2008;43(4):429-437 Winner of the 2008 Journal of Athletic Training's Clint Thompson Award for Clinical Advancement.

Valovich McLeod TC, Snyder AR, Parsons JT, Bay RC, Michener LA, Sauers EL. Utilizing disablement models and clinical outcomes assessment to enable evidence-based athletic training practice: Part II - Clinical Outcomes Assessment. Journal of Athletic Training. 2008;43(4):438-446. Second runner up for the 2008 Journal of Athletic Training's Clint Thompson Award for Clinical Advancement.

Parsons JT, Valovich McLeod TC, Snyder AR, Sauers EL. Change is Hard: Adopting A Disablement Model for Athletic Training? [Commentary] Journal of Athletic Training. 2008;43(4):447-449

Tweed EM, Sauers EL, Valovich McLeod TC. Evidence based practice in athletic training. (Section of: Review of Evidence Based Practice in Nursing and Allied Health Professions, Ed: Kronenfeld M, Stephenson P, Nail-Chiwetalu B.) Journal of the Medical Librarians Association. 2007;95(4) :394-407.

Snyder AR, Valovich McLeod TC. Selecting patient-based outcome measures. Athletic Therapy Today. 2007;12(6):12-15.


Abstracts

Huxel KC, Sauers EL, Bay RC, Snyder AR. The Relationships Between Injury Status, Self-Reported Pain, Injury History and the Functional Arm Scale for ThrowersTM(FASTTM) in Baseball Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training. Accepted for presentation at the NATA Free Communications Session, Philadelphia, PA; June 2010.

Parsons JT, Lam KC, Bay RC, Mathieson K, Snyder AR, Valovich McLeod TC. Health-Related Quality of Life: Gender Differences Between Adolescent Athletes. Accepted for presentation at the NATA Free Communications Session, Philadelphia, PA; June 2010.

Snyder AR, Bay RC, Parsons JT, Sauers EL, Valovich McLeod TC. A Comparison of Clinician-Rated and Patient-Rated Health-Related Quality of Life Following Sport-Related Musculoskeletal Injury. Accepted for presentation at the NATA Free Communications Session, Philadelphia, PA; June 2010.

Valovich McLeod TC, Bay RC, Lam KC, Snyder AR. Health-Related Quality of Life Following Sport-Related Concussion in Adolescent Athletes. Accepted for presentation at the NATA Free Communications Session, Philadelphia, PA; June 2010.

Valovich McLeod TC, Bay RC, Lam K, Parsons JT, Snyder AR. Self-report concussion history negatively impacts headache, fatigue, and general health-related quality of life. Brain Injury. 2010;24(3):107.

Sauers EL, Thigpen C, Huxel K, Bay RC. The Relationships Between Self-Reported Pain and Injury History, the Functional Arm Scale for ThrowersTM (FASTTM), and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) in Adolescent Baseball Pitchers. American Society of Shoulder and Elbow Therapists 2009 Annual Meeting. 2010.

Piebes SK, Bay RC, Snyder AR, Valovich McLeod TC. The reliability of the Head Impact Test and Pediatric Migraine Disability Assessment for measuring the impact of headache on health-related quality of life in adolescents. J Ath Train, 43(3), S-92, 2008.

Kuehl MD, Freeman WK, Erickson SE, Snyder AR, Valovich McLeod TC. Increased Frequency of Prior Concussions Is Associated with Greater Impact of Headache and Lower Health-Related Quality of Life in Collegiate Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training. 2009;44(3 Suppl): S44

Bay RC, Snyder AR, Parsons JT, Sauers EL, Valovich McLeod TC. Deficits in Health-Related Quality of Life Following Sport-Related Musculoskeletal Injury in Adolescent Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training. 2009;44(3 Suppl): S9

Tanabe T, Valovich McLeod TC, Snyder AR. A Comparison of Health-Related Quality of Life Between Male and Female Adolescent Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training. 2009;44(3 Suppl): S9

Piebes SK, Snyder AR, Valovich McLeod TC. Headache and Headache-Related Quality of Life in Adolescent Athletes: Implications for Concussion Assessment. Journal of Athletic Training. 2009;44(3 Suppl): S44

Teeters JC, Valovich McLeod TC, Bay RC, Martinez JC, Parsons JP, Sauers EL, Snyder AR. Cross-Sectional Study of the Health-Related Quality of Life Using the Pediatric Data Collection Instrument in an Adolescent Population. J Ath Train, 43(3), S-93, 2008.

Martinez JC, Valovich McLeod TC, Bay RC, Teeters JC, Parsons JP, Sauers EL, Snyder AR. Cross-Sectional Study of the Health-Related Quality of Life Using the Medical Outcomes Short Form in an Adolescent Population. J Ath Train, 43(3), S-93, 2008.

Valovich McLeod TC, Bay RC, Teeters JC, Parsons JT, Sauers EL, Snyder AR. Health-Related Quality of Life is Affected by Recent Injury in Adolescents. J Ath Train, 43(3), S-92, 2008.

Young IA, Michener LA, Cleland JA, Aguilera AJ, Snyder, AR. Conservative Treatment of Cervical Radiculopathy: A Case Series. J Ortho Sports Phys Ther, 38 (1), 2008.

Snyder AR, Sandersen A, Michener LA. The Influence of a Professional Baseball Short Season on Patient-Reported Scores on the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Outcome Instrument. Accepted for presentation at the 2008 RMATA Free Communications Section

Ellery TE, Sauers EL, Snyder AR, Bay RC. The Design and Development of the Functional Arm Scale for ThrowersTM(FASTTM). J Ath Train, 43(3), S-51, 2008.

Dykstra DL, Bay RC, Snyder AR, Sauers EL. The Relationship Between Pitching, Injury and Pain History and Health-Related Quality of Life in High School and College Female Softball Pitchers J Ath Train, 43(3), S-22, 2008. *Oral Presentation Finalist, 2008 NATA Research & Education Foundation Student Research Awards Competition

Invited Presentations Sauers EL, Valovich McLeod TC. Utilizing Disablement Models and Clinical Outcomes Assessment to Enable Evidence-Based Practice. Rocky Mountain Athletic Trainers' Association Clinical Symposium, 2006

Snyder, AR. Breakout Session: Clinical Outcomes and Athletic Training Education: Moving Forward. National Athletic Trainers' Association Educators Conference, 2007

Snyder, AR. Enhancing Upper Extremity Evaluation Through the Use of Clinical Outcomes Measures. Arizona Athletic Trainers' Association, Winter Symposium, 2007

Snyder, AR, Parsons, JT. Injuries Matter: Disability and Health-Related Quality of Life in Athletes. National Athletic Trainers' Association Annual Symposium, 2007

Snyder, AR. Validating our treatment: documenting patient improvement: knee self-report outcome measures. National Athletic Trainers' Association Annual Symposium, 2007

Sauers, EL. "Utilizing Upper Extremity Self-Report Forms to Assess Health-Related Outcomes" Workshop accepted for presentation at the National Athletic Trainers' Association 58th Annual Meeting and Clinical Symposia, Los Angeles, CA, June, 2007

Snyder, AR. Assessment of Healthcare Outcomes...Not a Simple Issue, Virginia Commonwealth University, 2008

Snyder AR, Parsons, JT, Health-related quality of life and adolescent sports related injury, Rocky Mountain Athletic Trainers' Association Clinical Symposium, 2008

Sauers EL. The Future of Athletic Training Education and Evidence-Based Athletic Training. Invited presentation at the Education Session of the NATA meeting, June 2008.

Valovich McLeod TC, Bay RC, Snyder AR. Adolescent Athletes With A Self-Report History of Sport-Related Concussion Demonstrate Lower Health-Related Quality of Life. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on Concussion in Sport. October 2008, Zurich, Switzerland.

Sauers,EL. "Information Technology Utilization in the Clinical Outcomes Research Education in Athletic Training (CORE-AT) Project: Training Clinical Researchers for Evidence-Based Practice" Presented at the at the 2009 Athletic Training Educators Conference, Washington DC, February, 2009

Parsons, JT, Valovich McLeod, TC. Graduated Approach to Teaching Critical Appraisal of Athletic Training Evidence. 2009 Athletic Training Educators' Conference. Washington, DC; February 2009.

Valovich McLeod, TC. Establishing and Managing an Athletic Training Laboratory: Field Research. (Session) National Athletic Trainers' Association Clinical Symposium and Annual Meeting. San Antonio, Texas; June 2009.

Parsons JT. Evidence Based Forum: Problem-based Learning & Critical Thinking Skills in Athletic Training Education. To be presented at the National Athletic Trainers’ Association Symposia, Philadelphia, PA, June 2010 [invited]